European Union member states on July 4 adopted a list of criteria for identifying whether the active ingredient in a pesticide is an endocrine disruptor. The benchmarks are expected to set the stage for regulating chemicals that interfere with hormones in products beyond pesticides, including toys, cosmetics, and food packaging. After months of discussion we are advancing in the direction of the first regulatory system in the world with legally binding criteria to define what an endocrine disruptor is, says EU Commissioner for Health & Food Safety Vytenis Andriukaitis. Once implemented, the text will ensure that any active substance used in pesticides which is identified as an endocrine disruptor for people or animals can be assessed and withdrawn from the market. Neither the pesticide industry nor environmental groups supported the criteria when they were first proposed by the European Commission last year. Little has changed since then, and both sides are still raising concerns. The pesticide industry, represented by the European Crop Protection Association, says the criteria could lead to the removal of dozens of pesticide products from the EU market. In a report released earlier this year, the industry group claimed that the criteria would reduce crop yields, crop value, and the EUs self-sufficiency in certain staple crops, such as wheat. On the other hand, EDCFree Europe, a coalition of dozens of environmental and health advocacy groups, says the criteria will require a high burden of proof, so most endocrine-disrupting substances will be undetected and evade regulation. Three scientific societies that are focused on endocrinology also oppose the criteria, citing arbitrary exemptions for chemicals specifically designed to disrupt target insect endocrine systems that have similarities to systems in wildlife and humans. Groups on both sides of the issue are urging the European Parliament and Council to reject the criteria. The two bodies must approve the criteria within three months for the benchmarks to be officially adopted.
Chemical & Engineering News, 7 July 2017 ;http://pubs.acs.org/cen/news ;