Pursuant to its mandate under the Food and Drugs Act, Health Canada is responsible for setting safety and nutritional quality standards for all foods sold in Canada. The agency achieves this goal by setting standards under the Food and Drug Regulations which are enforced by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency. On 24 October 2016, Canadas Minister of health announced that Canadas food labelling requirements would be revised as a part of the Healthy Eating Strategy for Canada. This program has brought changes to labelling and disclosure requirements such as what needs to be disclosed on a food products label and how that information is to be conveyed (e.g. increased contrast between ingredients and background, mandatory font size requirements, etc.). One of the key initiatives under the Strategy involves Front-of-Pack (FOP) labelling. Health Canada states that while existing nutrition labelling tools are very useful to many consumers when making food purchasing decisions, some consumers find the information provided too complex to understand and use. To help address this, Health Canada is proposing to introduce FOP labelling requirements on prepackaged foods high in sodium, sugars and saturated fat. The objectives of FOP labelling are to:
- Provide quick and easy guidance to encourage consumers to make informed choices about foods in relation to sodium, sugars and saturated fat; and
- Encourage the availability of foods lower in these nutrients, thereby reducing risks to health.
A 22 November 2017 USDA FAS GAINS Report indicates that Canada has moved on to the next step of implementing a new mandate that will require food manufacturers to use FOP symbols to warn consumers about high levels of sugars, sodium or saturated fat with the label design process slated to be well under way shortly (bidding on a graphic design contract for the labels just closed in October). Health Canada is planning to implement FOP labelling requirements in 2021, alongside previously approved changes to nutritional labelling. It remains to be seen how the new requirements will mesh with the widely accepted Facts Up Front voluntary labelling initiative spearheaded by the Grocery Manufacturing Association (GMA) and the Food Manufacturing Institute (FMI).
National Law Review, 4 December 2017 ; http://www.natlawreview.com