A comparative study on physicochemical properties, pyrolytic behaviour and kinetic parameters of environmentally harmful aquatic weeds for sustainable shellfish aquaculture


Aquatic weeds pose hazards to aquatic ecosystems and particularly the aquatic environment in shellfish aquaculture due to its excessive growth covering entire freshwater bodies, leading to environmental pollution particularly eutrophication intensification, water quality depletion and aquatic organism fatality. In this study, pyrolysis of six aquatic weed types (wild and cultured species of Salvinia sp., Lemna sp. and Spirodella sp.) were investigated to evaluate its potential to reduce and convert the weeds into value-added chemicals. The aquatic weeds demonstrated high fixed carbon (8.7-47.3 wt%), volatile matter content (39.0-76.9 wt%), H/C ratio (1.5-2.0) and higher heating value (6.6-18.8 MJ/kg), representing desirable physicochemical properties for conversion into biofuels. Kinetic analysis via Coats-Redfern integral method obtained different orders for chemical reaction mechanisms (n = 1, 1.5, 2, 3), activation energy (55.94-209.41 kJ/mol) and pre-exponential factor (4.08 × 104-4.20 × 1017 s-1) at different reaction zones (zone 1: 150-268 °C, zone 2: 268-409 °C, zone 3: 409-600 °C). The results provide useful information for design and optimization of the pyrolysis reactor and establishment of the process condition to dispose this environmentally harmful species.

Authors: Elfina Azwar, Derek Juinn Chieh Chan, Nor Azman Kasan, Hajar Rastegari, Yafeng Yang, Christian Sonne, Meisam Tabatabaei, Mortaza Aghbashlo, Su Shiung Lam
; Full Source: Journal of hazardous materials 2021 Sep 24;424(Pt A):127329. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2021.127329.