Because long-term occupational exposure to low concentrations of acrylamide (ACR) has the potential to cause neurological damage, it is important to identify biomarkers that can be used to evaluate this risk. In the present study, urine metabolomics of the ACR-exposed and non-exposed groups to identify potential metabolites was carried out using ultra high performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry. Serum biochemical indexes of the exposed and non-exposed groups were also determined. Principal component analysis showed a differential separation between exposed group and non-exposed group and a total of 7 metabolites were identified in positive and negative ionization modes; Area under curve of anthranilic acid, ?-guanidinopropionic acid and mesobilirubinogen were 0.980, 0.843 and 0.801 respectively and these metabolites showed high sensitivity and specificity. The 13 biochemical indexes were divided into three classes based on physiological functions. Only biomarkers of dysregulated liver function including alanine aminotransferase, aspartic transaminase, total bilirubin, direct bilirubin and triglyceride were significantly higher in the exposed group than in the non-exposed group. This study identifies important related metabolic changes in the bodies of workers after long-term occupational exposure to low concentration ACR and suggests new biomarkers of nervous system injury caused by ACR. The study also provides a sound basis for exploring the biochemical mechanisms and metabolic pathways of nervous system toxicity caused by ACR.
Authors: Wang SY, Han D, Yu CP, Zhou XR, Xin R, Wang R, Ma WW, Wang C, Wu YH
; FullSource:Archives of biochemistry and biophysics. 2020 Mar 15;681:108279. doi: 10.1016/j.abb.2020.108279. Epub 2020 Jan 23.