Assessing Binary Mixture Effects from Genotoxic and Endocrine Disrupting Environmental Contaminants Using Infrared Spectroscopy

Benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are persistent contaminants and concern has arisen over co-exposure of organisms when the chemicals exist in mixtures. In this study, attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy was used to identify biochemical alterations induced in cells by single and binary mixtures of these environmental chemicals. It was also investigated as a method to identify if interactions are occurring in mixtures and as a possible tool to predict mixture effects. Mallard fibroblasts were treated with single and binary mixtures of B[a]P, PCB126, PCB153, BDE47, and BDE209. Comparison of observed spectra from cells treated with binary mixtures with expected additive spectra, which were created from individual exposure spectra, indicated that in many areas of the spectrum, less-than-additive binary mixture effects may occur. However, possible greater-than-additive alterations were identified in the 1650-1750 cm-1 lipid region and may demonstrate a common mechanism of B[a]P and PCBs or PBDEs, which can enhance toxicity in mixtures.

Authors: Morais CLM, Shore RF, Pereira MG, Martin FL. ; Full Source: ACS Omega. 2018 Oct 31;3(10):13399-13412. doi: 10.1021/acsomega.8b01916. Epub 2018 Oct 17.