Assessment of cytotoxic and genotoxic potential of refinery waste effluent using plant, animal and bacterial systems

This study presents the toxic effect of Mathura refinery wastewater (MRWW) in plant (Allium cepa), bacterial (E. coli K12), and human (blood) system. The samples were collected from adjoining area of Mathura refinery, Dist. Mathura, U.P. (India). Chromosomal aberration test and micronucleus assay in (A. cepa) system, E. coli K12 survival assay as well as hemolysis assay in human blood were employed to assess the toxicity of MRWW. MRWW exposure resulted in the formation of micronuclei and bridges in chromosomes of A. cepa cells. A significant decline occurred in survival of DNA repair defective mutants of E. coli K12 exposed to MRWW. On incubation with MRWW, calf thymus DNA-EtBr fluorescence intensity decreased and percent haemolysis of human blood cells increased. An induction in the MDA levels of MRWW treated A. cepa roots indicated lipid peroxidation also. The authors concluded that collectively, the results demonstrate a significant genotoxic and cytotoxic potential of MRWW.

Authors: Gupta, Amit Kumar; Ahmad, Masood ;Full Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials [online computer file] 2012, 201-202, 92-99 (Eng) ;