Objectives: Exposure to wood dust may lead to impairment of the lung functions. Microsomal epoxide hydrolase enzyme (EPHX1) was shown to take part in protection against oxidative stress. An alteration in enzyme activity might be associated with its gene polymorphisms. In vitro polymorphisms in exons 3 (His113Tyr) and 4 (Arg139His) lead to reduced activity (slow allele) and increased activity (fast allele). Macrophage inflammatory protein 2 (MIP-2) is produced in rat lung epithelial cells after exposure to fine particles. We aimed to investigate the associations between mEPHX1 polymorphisms (in exon 3 and 4) and lung function in furniture workers and assessment of MIP-2 effect.
Methods: Our study was performed on 70 wood dust exposed male workers and 70 matched normal controls subjects. Ventilatory function tests were measured by spirometer, MIP-2 was performed by ELISA methods and EPHX gene was done by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) methods for each participant.
Results: Significant reduction in forced vital capacity (FVC%) and forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1) levels in Tyr-Tyr and Tyr-Hist genotypes of EPHX (exon 3) was observed. Reduced peak expiratory flow (PEF) levels and significant rise in MIP-2 levels were detected in Tyr-Tyr genotype. While high significant reduction in FVC% and FEV1 levels were shown in different genotypes in exon 4. Significant rise was observed in MIP-2 levels in Hist-Hist genotype of exon 4. An increase in duration of exposure showed positive correlation with fall in ventilatory functions.
Conclusions: It was concluded that in Hist139Arg of EPHX gene, fast genotype (Arg-Arg) was associated with impaired ventilatory functions.
Authors: Mona M Taha, Amal Saad-Hussein, Heba Mahdy-Abdallah
; Full Source: Journal of complementary & integrative medicine 2021 Apr 1. doi: 10.1515/jcim-2020-0085.