Different pollutants usually co-exist in the natural environment, and the ecological and health risk assessment of agrochemicals needs to be carried out based on the combined toxicological effects of pollutants. To examine the combined toxicity to aquatic organisms, the effects of cadmium (Cd) and five pesticides (acetamiprid, carbendazim, azoxystrobin, chlorpyrifos, and bifenthrin) mixture on zebrafish (Danio rerio) larvae were assessed. The data from the 96-h toxicity test indicated that bifenthrin possessed the highest toxicity to D. rerio with the LC50 value of 0.15 mg L-1, followed by chlorpyrifos (0.36 mg L-1) and azoxystrobin (0.63 mg L-1). Cd (6.84 mg L-1) and carbendazim (8.53 mg L-1) induced the intermediate toxic responses, while acetamiprid (58.39 mg L-1) presented the lowest toxicity to the organisms. Pesticide mixtures containing chlorpyrifos and bifenthrin or acetamiprid and carbendazim showed synergistic impacts on the zebrafish. Besides, two binary combinations of Cd-acetamiprid and Cd-chlorpyrifos also displayed a synergistic effect on D. rerio. Our results offered a better idea of the mixed ecological risk assessment of Cd and different agricultural chemicals to aquatic organisms. Our findings better interpreted how the interaction between Cd and various agrochemicals changed their toxicity to aquatic vertebrates and provided valuable insights into critical impacts on the ecological hazard of their combinations.
Authors: Guixian Hu, Hao Wang, Yujie Wan, Liangliang Zhou, Qiang Wang, Minghua Wang
; Full Source: Scientific reports 2022 Sep 26;12(1):16045. doi: 10.1038/s41598-022-20364-8.