Determination of volatile organic compounds in pen inks by a dynamic headspace needle trap device combined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry

Some harmful volatile organic compounds (VOCs), such as methylbenzene, ethylbenzene, xylene, chlorobenzene and bromobenzene, are the commonly found chemicals in pen inks. In this study, a dynamic headspace needle-trap device (D-HS-NTD) with a ZIF-8-derived nanoporous carbon (ZIF-8-NPC) as the adsorbent was developed for the extraction of some VOCs in different pen inks prior to GC-MS detection. The main important influencing experimental parameters including the flow rate of the purge gas N2, extraction temperature, extraction time, desorption temperature and desorption time for the extraction were optimised to obtain a high extraction efficiency. Under the optimised conditions, a good linearity was obtained in the concentration range of 0.1-400?gkg(-1) with the correlation coefficients (r) ranging from 0.9911 to 0.9990 for the eleven VOCs. The LODs at a signal-to-noise ratio of 3 (S/N=3) were measured to be 10-20ngkg(-1) for the VOCs. The developed method was applied to determine the VOCs from 20 pen inks. The recoveries of the VOCs for the method at the spiking levels of 0.5 and 20.0?gkg(-1) fell in the range from 80.0% to 108%.

Authors: Zang X, Liang W, Chang Q, Wu T, Wang C, Wang Z. ; Full Source: Journal of Chromatography A. 2017 Jul 11. pii: S0021-9673(17)31013-0. doi: 10.1016/j.chroma.2017.07.030. [Epub ahead of print]