Developmental Exposure to Environmental Chemicals and Metabolic Changes in Children

The incidence of childhood obesity, type 2 diabetes, and other forms of metabolic disease have been rising over the past several decades. Although diet and physical activity play important roles in these trends, other environmental factors also may contribute to this significant public health issue. In this study, the authors discuss the possibility that widespread exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) may contribute to the development of metabolic diseases in children. The epidemiological evidence on exposure to environmental chemicals during early development and metabolic outcomes in infants and children was summarised. Prenatal exposure to EDCs, particularly the persistent organic pollutant DDT and its metabolite DDE, may influence growth patterns during infancy and childhood. The altered growth patterns associated with EDCs vary according to exposure level, sex, exposure timing, pubertal status, and age at which growth is measured. Early exposure to air pollutants also is linked to impaired metabolism in infants and children. As a result of these and other studies, professional health provider societies have called for a reduction in environmental chemical exposures. The authors summarised the resources available to health care providers to counsel patients on how to reduce chemical exposures. The authors conclude with recommendations for environmental policy changes to address chemical exposures and ultimately improve public health.

Authors: Russ K, Howard S. ;Full Source: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care. 2016 Jul 8. pii: S1538-5442(16)30036-0. doi: 10.1016/j.cppeds.2016.06.001. [fusion_builder_container hundred_percent=”yes” overflow=”visible”][fusion_builder_row][fusion_builder_column type=”1_1″ background_position=”left top” background_color=”” border_size=”” border_color=”” border_style=”solid” spacing=”yes” background_image=”” background_repeat=”no-repeat” padding=”” margin_top=”0px” margin_bottom=”0px” class=”” id=”” animation_type=”” animation_speed=”0.3″ animation_direction=”left” hide_on_mobile=”no” center_content=”no” min_height=”none”][Epub ahead of print] ;[/fusion_builder_column][/fusion_builder_row][/fusion_builder_container]