Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate induces apoptosis through mitochondrial pathway in GC-2spd cells

Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), a plasticiser of synthetic polymers, is a well-known endocrine disrupting chemical (EDC) and reproductive toxicant. Addressing the unclear mechanism of DEHP-induced reproductive dysfunction, this study used GC-2spd cells to investigate the molecular mechanism involved in the DEHP-induced toxicity in the male reproductive system. The results indicated that the apoptotic cell death was significantly induced by DEHP exposure over 100 ?M. Furthermore, DEHP treatment could induce oxidative stress in GC-2spd cells involving in the decrease of superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity (200 ?M) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activity (50 and 100 ?M). In addition, DEHP induction also caused the elevated ratios of Bax/Bcl-2, release of cytochrome c and decomposition of procaspase-3 and procaspase-9 in GC-2spd cells. Taken together, the authors concluded that the study provided the evidence that DEHP exposure might induce apoptosis of GC-2spd cells via mitochondria pathway mediated by oxidative stress.

Authors: Fu G, Dai J, Zhang D, Zhu L, Tang X, Zhang L, Zhou T, Duan P, Quan C, Zhang Z, Song S, Shi Y. ;Full Source: Environmental Toxicology. 2016 Jul 14. doi: 10.1002/tox.22304. [Epub ahead of print] ;