Differences between hairdressers and consumers in skin exposure to hair cosmetic products: a review


Hairdressers are at high risk of developing occupational hand eczema. Opinions on the health and safety concerns of non-food consumer products, such as cosmetics and their ingredients, consider the exposure of a ‘common consumer’, which may not account for occupational exposure of hairdressers. As result, there is a parlous scenario in which serious safety concerns about occupational exposures are present. The purpose of this review is to compare the frequency of exposure to various types of hair cosmetic products among hairdressers and consumers. Database searches for this review yielded a total of 229 articles. 7 publications were ultimately included. The analysis showed that – dependent on the task – hairdressers were exposed 4 to 78 times more than consumers regarding a wide spectrum of hair cosmetic products used in the daily working life ranging from shampoo, conditioner, oxidative and non-oxidative hair colours, and bleaching agents. The highest frequency was found for colouring hair with oxidative hair colour. Consumer usage frequency does not appear to be appropriate for representing hairdresser exposure. The current standards do not effectively address the occupational risks associated with hairdressers’ use of cosmetics. The findings of this study should cause current risk assessment procedures to be reconsidered. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Authors: Cara Symanzik, Jeanne D Johansen, Patricia Weinert, Željka Babi?, Sarah Hallmann, Martin S Havmose, Sanja Kezic, Marija Macan, Jelena Macan, Julia Strahwald, Rajka Turk, Henk F van der Molen, Swen M John, Wolfgang Uter
; Full Source: Contact dermatitis 2022 Jan 27. doi: 10.1111/cod.14055.