Effectiveness of UV/SO 32- advanced reduction process for degradation and mineralization of trichlorfon pesticide in water: identification of intermediates and toxicity assessment


This study aimed to investigate the degradability, mineralization, proposed decomposition pathway, intermediate products, and toxicity of effluent from trichlorfon (TCF) degradation in water by UV/sulfite-advanced reduction process (UV/S-ARP). This study was experimentally performed in a photochemical reactor as a batch operation. The source of light was a UV lamp. Sulfite ion was used as the reducing agent. After the treatment, the residual concentration of TCF was measured by liquid chromatography equipped with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). UV/S-ARP had the highest performance at an initial pH of 7, a sulfite ion concentration of 120 mg/L, a contact time of 60 min, and a TCF concentration of 10 mg/L. Under such conditions, the degradation efficiency of TCF was 96.0%, and the amount of mineralization based on the removal of TOC and COD was 74.6% and 79.5%, respectively. The results of the degradation mechanism showed that eaq- and SO3•- have played the greatest role in dechlorination and transformation of TCF. Based on the identified intermediates, more complex compounds are transformed into compounds with simpler structures by UV/S-ARP. Evaluating the toxicity of TCF by-products via ECOSAR bioassay showed that as-generated intermediates do not have acute and chronic adverse effects on fish. The results of our study indicated that the advanced reduction process could be an effective process for the purification of TCF-contaminated water.

Authors: Bahareh Jafari, Hatam Godini, Reza Darvishi Cheshmeh Soltani, Enayatollah Seydi
; Full Source: Environmental science and pollution research international 2021 Nov 4. doi: 10.1007/s11356-021-17274-z.