[Environmental endocrine disruptors and fertility]

2021-09-21

Endocrine disruptor chemicals (EDCs) are ubiquitous contaminants in the environment, wildlife, and humans. During the last 20 years, several epidemiological, clinical and experimental studies have demonstrated the role of EDCs on the reduction of male and female fertility. The concept of foetal origins of adult disease is particularly topical in the field of reproduction. Moreover, exposure to EDCs during pregnancy has been shown to influence epigenetic programming of endocrine signalling and other important physiological pathways, and provided the basis for multi- and transgenerational transmission of adult diseases. However, the large panel of EDCs simultaneously present in the air, sol and water makes the quantification of human exposition still a challenge. Gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry, the measurement of total plasmatic hormonal bioactivity on stably transfected cell lines as well as the EDC analysis in hair samples are useful methods of evaluation. More recently, microRNAs analysis offers a new perspective in the comprehension of mechanisms behind the modulation of cellular response to foetal or post-natal exposure to EDCs. They will help researchers and clinicians in identifying EDCs exposition markers and new therapeutic approaches in the future.

Authors: Laura Gaspari, Françoise Paris, Marie-Odile Soyer-Gobillard, Nicolas Kalfa, Charles Sultan, Samir Hamamah
; Full Source: Gynecologie, obstetrique, fertilite & senologie 2021 Sep 21;S2468-7189(21)00219-1. doi: 10.1016/j.gofs.2021.09.009.