Exploring the adsorption behavior of benzotriazoles and benzothiazoles on polyvinyl chloride microplastics in the water environment

2022-01-28

As a kind of emerging pollutant, microplastics (MPs) play an important role as a carrier for pollutant migration in the water environment. Carried by the MPs, benzotriazoles, and benzothiazoles (collectively referred to as BTs)1 are ubiquitous water contaminants. In this paper, the adsorption behavior of BTs on polyvinyl chloride (PVC) MPs was first studied systematically to explain the adsorptive mechanisms and the consequential pollution caused by the absorption-desorption process. The studies on kinetics, isotherms, and thermodynamics revealed that the adsorption of BTs on PVC MPs was a multi-rate, heterogeneous multi-layer, and exothermic process, which was affected by external diffusion, intra-particle diffusion, and dynamic equilibrium. The factors including pH, salinity, and particle size also influenced the adsorption process. In the multi-solute system, competitive adsorption would occur between different BTs. The desorption of BTs from PVC MPs was positively associated with the increase of adsorption amount. Based on the results, the adsorption mechanisms of PVC MPs were clarified, involving hydrophobic interaction, electrostatic force, and non-covalent bonds. It was demonstrated that BTs in the water environment could most probably be accumulated and migrated through MPs, and eventually carried into organisms, posing an increased risk to the ecological environment.

Authors: Yanbin Yu, Huichen Li, Jinfeng Chen, Fangjie Wang, Xiaoning Chen, Bowen Huang, Yu He, Zongwei Cai
; Full Source: The Science of the total environment 2022 Jan 28;153471. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.153471.