Poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are harmful chemicals to humans and widely detected in water bodies including tap water. PFAS cannot be efficiently removed from water through conventional treatment processes used in full-scale drinking water treatment plants, posing a latent risk to human health via drinking tap water. Here in-field investigations show that the household point-of-use (POU) water purifiers constituted with coconut shell activated carbon can achieve 21%-99% removal for 14 legacy and emerging PFAS in tap water based on the ratio of influent and effluent. Extensive characterizations combine with chemical analyses demonstrate that physical adsorption based on Van der Waals force can remove 23 PFAS from tap water, wherein the hydrophobicity of PFAS is the crucial factor. Density functional theory calculations together with the quantitative structure-activity relationship model confirm that both topological structures as well as hydrophobicity of PFAS and electrostatic interactions between the strong electronegative F atoms and the adsorbent surface are the most critical factors controlling the PFAS adsorption to activated carbon. Overall, our results offer insights into the molecular mechanisms that enable the adsorption of PFAS in POU filters.
Authors: Anen He, Yao Lu, Fengjie Chen, Feifei Li, Kun Lv, Huiming Cao, Yuzhen Sun, Yong Liang, Juan Li, Lixia Zhao, Xiang Zhang, Lingxiangyu Li, Yawei Wang, Guibin Jiang
; Full Source: The Science of the total environment 2022 Apr 2;831:154988. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.154988.