Filaggrin and Filaggrin 2 processing are linked together through skin aspartic acid protease activation


Skin aspartic acid protease (SASPase) is believed to be a key enzyme involved in filaggrin processing during epidermal terminal differentiation. Since little is known about the regulation of SASPase function, the aim of this study was to identify involved protein partners in the process. Yeast two hybrid analyses using SASPase as bait against a human reconstructed skin library identified that the N-terminal domain of filaggrin 2 binds to the N-terminal fragment of SASPase. This interaction was confirmed in reciprocal yeast two hybrid screens and by Surface Plasmon Resonance analyses. Immunohistochemical studies in human skin, using specific antibodies to SASPase and the N-terminal domain of filaggrin 2, showed that the two proteins partially co-localized to the stratum granulosum. In vitro enzymatic assays showed that the N-terminal domain of filaggrin 2 enhanced the autoactivation of SASPase to its 14 kDa active form. Taken together, the data suggest that the N-terminal domain of filaggrin 2 regulates the activation of SASPase that may be a key event upstream of filaggrin processing to natural moisturizing factors in the human epidermis.

Authors: Mark Donovan, Mélanie Salamito, Angnès Thomas-Collignon, Lucie Simonetti, Stephanie Desbouis, Jean-Christophe, Etienne Formstecher, Dominique Bernard
; Full Source: PLoS One. 2020 May 21;15(5):e0232679. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0232679. eCollection 2020.