Functional genomic assessment of 2, 2-bis (bromomethyl)-1, 3-propanediol induced cytotoxicity in a single-gene knockout library of E.coli.

Functional gene fingerprinting of chemicals could be used to understand the direct gene-chemical interaction in the process of toxification from a genome-wide scale. 2, 2-bis (bromomethyl)-1, 3-propanediol (BMP) is a brominated flame retardant with widespread production but with very limited toxicological data. In this study, the cytotoxicity of BMP was assessed by Escherichia coli (E. coli) functional genome-wide knockout mutants screening and the underlying molecular mechanism was investigated. The median inhibition concentration (IC50) of BMP was 1.608 ± 0.078 mg/ml after 24 h exposure. 119 initial, including 66 sensitive and approach, which indicated that BMP has a distinct mode of toxic action. Overall, the functional genomic screening approach presented here provides a great tool to assess the cellular toxicological mechanism of environmental chemicals. 53 resistant single gene mutants, were identified by a full library screening of BMP at the concentration of IC50. The resistant genes were significantly enriched in nucleobase-containing compound biosynthetic process (GO: 0034654) by gene ontology (GO) biological process analyses, which suggested that the pathway of DNA repair is a critical cellular process in the survival of cells exposed to BMP. Meanwhile, function annotation of all BMP responsive genes suggested the mechanism of BMP was associated with DNA damage, oxidative stress and cellular transmembrane transport process. Many genes were exclusively responsive to BMP comparing with other chemicals that has been assessed by E. coli mutant screening

Authors: Guan M, Zhang X. ; Full Source: Chemosphere. 2017 Jul 9; 185:582-588. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.07.031. [Epub ahead of print]