Benzene, a hazardous component of gasoline, is a genotoxic class I human carcinogen. This study evaluated the genotoxic effects of occupational exposure to benzene in gasoline stations. Genotoxicity of exposure to benzene was assessed in peripheral blood leucocytes of 62 gasoline station workers and compared with an equal number of matched controls using total genomic DNA fragmentation, micronucleus test and cell viability test. An ambient air samples were collected and analysed for Monitoring of benzene, toluene, ethyl benzene and xylene (BTEX) in work environment and control areas. DNA fragmentation, micronucleus and dead cells percent were significantly higher in exposed workers than controls. Level of benzene, Toluene, Ethyl benzene and xylene in the work environment were higher than the control areas and the permissible limits. Gasoline station workers occupationally exposed to benzene are susceptible to genotoxic effects indicated by increased DNA fragmentation, higher frequency of micronucleus and decreased leukocytes viability.
Authors: Salem E, El-Garawani I, Allam H, El-Aal BA, Hegazy M. ; Full Source: Industrial Health. 2017 Oct 25. doi: 10.2486/indhealth.2017-0126. [Epub ahead of print]