Higher urinary heavy metal, phthalate and arsenic concentrations accounted for 3-19% of the population attributable risk for high blood pressure: US NHANES, 2009-2012

The link between environmental chemicals and human health has emerged, but has not been completely examined in terms of its risk factors. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the relationships of different sets of urinary environmental chemical concentrations and high blood pressure (BP) in a national, population-based study. Data were retrieved from the United States National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, 2009-2012, including demographics, BP readings and urinary environmental chemical concentrations. Analyses included ?(2)-test, t-test, survey-weighted logistic regression models and population attributable risk estimation. Urinary caesium (odds ratio (OR) 1.52, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.06-2.18, P=0.026), molybdenum (OR 1.45, 95% CI 1.04-2.02, P=0.029), lead (OR 1.49, 95% CI 1.12-1.98, P=0.009), platinum (OR 1.66, 95% CI 1.14-2.21, P=0.002), antimony (OR 1.44, 95% CI 1.12-1.86, P=0.008) and tungsten (OR 1.48, 95% CI 1.22-1.79, P<0.001) concentrations were observed to be associated with high BP. Similar results were observed for mono-2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl (OR 1.29, 95% CI 1.04-1.59, P=0.024), mono-n-butyl (OR 1.36, 95% CI 1.11-1.67, P=0.005), mono-2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl (OR 1.21, 95% CI 1.01-1.46, P=0.041), mono-n-methyl (OR 1.24, 95% CI 1.01-1.46, P=0.014), mono-2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl (OR 1.21, 95% CI 1.01-1.45, P=0.036), mono-benzyl (OR 1.41, 95% CI 1.15-1.74, P=0.002), dimethylarsonic acid (OR 1.38, 95% CI 1.08-1.76, P=0.012) and trimethylarsine oxide (OR 2.56, 95% CI 1.29-5.07, P=0.010) concentrations. Each chemical could account for 3-19% of the population attributable risk for high BP. A small sex difference was found. However, there are no associations between environmental parabens and pesticides and high BP. Urinary heavy metal, phthalate and arsenic concentrations were associated with high BP, although a causal effect cannot be established. Elimination of environmental chemical exposure in humans still needs to be pursued.

Authors: Shiue I, Hristova K. ;Full Source: Hypertension Research. 2014 Dec;37(12):1075-81. doi: 10.1038/hr.2014.121. Epub 2014 Jul 31. ;