Highly Cross-Linked Polyethylene Reduces Osteolysis Incidence and Wear-Related Reoperation Rate in Cementless Total Hip Arthroplasty Compared With Conventional Polyethylene at a Mean 12-Year Follow-Up.

A number of studies on total hip arthroplasty have compared highly cross-linked polyethylene (HXLPE) with conventional polyethylene (CPE) liners beyond 10 years. However, the impact of HXLPE on the wear-related reoperation rate is unclear. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical advantage of using a single manufacturer’s HXLPE in terms of reducing the reoperation rate. The study was a follow-up retrospective cohort study over a mean of 12 years that examined patients aged 45-70 years with cementless total hip arthroplasty using a 26-mm-diameter cobalt-chromium head. Sixty-seven patients (79 hips; HXLPE group = 41 hips, CPE group = 38 hips) were evaluated for a minimum 10-year follow-up. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was performed, with wear-related reoperations and radiographic osteolysis serving as the end points. The polyethylene wear rate was also assessed. The mean 12-year follow-up rates of survivorship that were evaluated using wear-related reoperations as the end point were 100% and 91.4% in the HXLPE and CPE groups, respectively (P = .007), and the mean 12-year follow-up rates of survivorship with osteolysis as the end point were 100% and 36.2%, respectively (P < .001). Compared with the CPE group, the HXLPE group presented a significantly reduced wear rate (HXLPE group, 0.035 mm/y; CPE group, 0.118 mm/y). A unique strength of this study is that the authors assessed a single manufacturer's HXLPE while keeping most other implant parameters uniform. This study reveals the clinical advantage of using a single manufacturer's HXLPE in terms of a reduced wear-related reoperation rate at a mean 12-year follow-up.

Authors: Tsukamoto M, Mori T, Ohnishi H, Uchida S, Sakai A. ; Full Source: Journal of Arthroplasty. 2017 Jul 8. pii: S0883-5403(17)30576-4. doi: 10.1016/j.arth.2017.06.047. [Epub ahead of print]