Impact assessment of odor nuisance, health risk and variation originating from the landfill surface


Many researchers are concerned that municipal solid waste (MSW) threatens public health, causing them to increasingly focus on odor pollution. In this study, the odor nuisance and health risk impacts of landfill surface gas on eight sensitive receptors were assessed. The emission rates of odor and 145 volatile organic compounds (VOCs) were acquired by considering various landfilling operations, including high-density polyethylene (HDPE) membrane removal (MR), landfill tipping area (TA), temporary HDPE membrane cover (MC), top of the HDPE membrane (LM) and dumping platform (DP). Furthermore, differences in landfill surface geometry, such as emission height and source area, and variations in residential living floors were considered in odor assessment with the air dispersion model. Based on these uncertain factors, normal-, medial-, and worst-case scenarios were defined to elucidate the odor nuisance effect and health risk impact. Four of the eight sensitive receptors, which were 2.6 km away from the landfill surface, basically experienced odor nuisance and health risk impacts. Dichloromethane exerted an indelible and crucial impact on body health based on a comprehensive investigation of aromatics, halocarbons, and other chemicals. The odor nuisance and health risk impacts were notable near the landfill, and the local environment was remarkably damaged.

Authors: Yan Zhang, Xiaoyu Ning, Yaohuang Li, Jianzhuang Wang, Huanwen Cui, Jie Meng, Changyun Teng, Gen Wang, Xibin Shang
; Full Source: Waste management (New York, N.Y.) 2021 Apr 20;126:771-780. doi: 10.1016/j.wasman.2021.03.055.