The exposure of benzo [a]pyrene (BaP) in recent times is rather unavoidable than ever before. BaP emissions are sourced majorly from anthropogenic rather than natural provenance from wildfires and volcanic eruptions. A major under-looked source is via the consumption of foods that are deep-fried, grilled, and charcoal smoked foods (meats in particular). BaP being a component of poly aromatic hydrocarbons has been classified as a Group I carcinogenic agent, which has been shown to cause both systemic and localized effects in animal models as well as in humans; has been known to cause various forms of cancer, accelerate neurological disorders, invoke DNA and cellular damage due to the generation of reactive oxygen species and involve in multi-generational phenotypic and genotypic defects. BaP’s short and accumulated exposure has been shown in disrupting the fertility of gamete cells. In this review, we have discussed an in-depth and capacious run-through of the various origins of BaP, its economic distribution and its impact as well as toxicological effects on the environment and human health. It also deals with a mechanism as a single compound and its ability to synergize with other chemicals/materials, novel sensitive detection methods, and remediation approaches held in the environment.
Authors: Kandasamy Saravanakumar, Sugavaneswaran Sivasantosh, Anbazhagan Sathiyaseelan, Alwarappan Sankaranarayanan, Kumar Vishven Naveen, Xin Zhang, Monica Jamla, Sampathkumar Vijayasarathy, Veeraraghavan Vishnu Priya, Davoodbasha MubarakAli, Myeong-Hyeon Wang
; Full Source: Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987) 2022 Mar 26;304:119207. doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2022.119207.