Inhalation and oral toxicokinetics of 6:2 FTOH and its metabolites in mammals

The toxicokinetics of 6:2 fluorotelomer alcohol (6:2 FTOH) and its terminal perfluorinated and polyfluorinated metabolites (PFBA, PFHxA, PFHpA and 5:3 Acid) have been calculated from laboratory studies of rats and from a biomonitoring study of humans. In vitro studies with mouse, rat and human hepatocytes indicate qualitatively similar metabolic pathways of 6:2 FTOH. In a one-day inhalation study of 6:2 FTOH in rats, PFBA, PFHxA, PFHpA and 5:3 Acid were determined to be the major metabolites in plasma with calculated elimination half-lives of 1.3-15.4h and metabolic yields up to 2.7mol%. In five-day and 23-day inhalation studies and a 90-day oral study of 6:2 FTOH, the plasma or serum concentration profile of 5:3 Acid was several-fold higher than concentrations observed in the single day study, resulting in an estimated elimination half-life of 20-30d. In contrast, the concentrations of PFBA, PFHxA and PFHpA showed little or no concentration increase with repeated exposure. Elimination half-lives of PFHxA, PFHpA and 5:3 Acid in humans were estimated from a study of professional ski wax technicians who were occupationally exposed to aerosolised and volatilised components of fluorinated glide wax. The resulting human elimination half-life values of PFHxA, PFHpA and 5:3 Acid were 32, 70 and 43d, respectively. the authors concluded that based on a one compartment toxicokinetic model, current environmental air concentrations of 6:2 FTOH are estimated to result in plasma concentrations of PFHxA, PFHpA and 5:3 Acid that are less than or equal to typical LOQ values, in agreement with extant biomonitoring results.

Authors: Russell MH, Himmelstein MW, Buck RC. ;Full Source: Chemosphere. 2014 Aug 30;120C:328-335. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2014.07.092. [fusion_builder_container hundred_percent=”yes” overflow=”visible”][fusion_builder_row][fusion_builder_column type=”1_1″ background_position=”left top” background_color=”” border_size=”” border_color=”” border_style=”solid” spacing=”yes” background_image=”” background_repeat=”no-repeat” padding=”” margin_top=”0px” margin_bottom=”0px” class=”” id=”” animation_type=”” animation_speed=”0.3″ animation_direction=”left” hide_on_mobile=”no” center_content=”no” min_height=”none”][Epub ahead of print] ;[/fusion_builder_column][/fusion_builder_row][/fusion_builder_container]