α-Lipoic acid attenuates transplacental nicotine-induced germ cell and oxidative DNA damage in adult mice

Smoking during pregnancy is associated with numerous foetal and developmental complications and reproductive dysfunctions in the offspring. Nicotine is one of the key chemicals of tobacco responsible for addiction. The present study was aimed to investigate the protective role of ?-lipoic acid (ALA) during the transplacental nicotine-induced germ cell and DNA damage in the offspring of Swiss mice. Pregnant mice were treated with nicotine (20 mg/kg/day) in drinking water from 10 to 20 days of gestation period, and ALA (120 mg/kg/day) was administered orally for the same period. Endpoint of evaluation includes general observations at delivery and throughout the study, litter weight and size, sperm count and sperm head morphology, while structural damages and protein expression were assessed by histology and immunohistochemistry, respectively. Maternal nicotine exposure led to decreased growth rate, litter and testicular weight, testosterone level, 3?-HSD expression and sperm count as well as increased sperm head abnormalities, micronucleus frequency and 8-oxo-dG positive cells, and the effects have been restored by ALA supplementation. The authors concluded that the present study clearly demonstrated that ALA ameliorates nicotine-associated oxidative stress, DNA damage and testicular toxicity in the offspring by improving steroidogenesis, spermatogenesis and sperm count.

Authors: Anto SK, Koyada N, Khan S, Jena G. ;Full Source: Journal of Basic Clinical Physiology & Pharmacology. 2016 Sep 22. pii:/j/jbcpp.ahead-of-print/jbcpp-2015-0151/jbcpp-2015-0151.xml. doi: 10.1515/jbcpp-2015-0151. [Epub ahead of print] ;