Long-term personal PM 2.5 exposure and lung function alternation: A longitudinal study in Wuhan urban adults

2022-07-12

Background: The effect of long-term PM2.5 exposure on lung function has not been well established. Objectives: To investigate the effects of long-term personal PM2.5 exposure on lung function decline, obstructive, and restrictive ventilatory disorders. Method: Personal PM2.5 concentrations were evaluated using an estimation model. Lung function parameters including forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) and peak expiratory flow (PEF) were measured in 3053 Wuhan participants from the Wuhan-Zhuhai cohort and were repeated every 3 years. Participants were classified into persistently high exposure group, persistently low exposure group and inconsistent exposure group according to the median of PM2.5 concentration of each visit. Mixed linear models with subject-specific random intercept were used to assess the association of 3-year change of lung function with personal PM2.5 exposure, and generalized linear models were used to assess the association of 6-year change of lung function with personal PM2.5 exposure. Cox regression models were applied to assess the associations of PM2.5 with obstructive and restrictive ventilatory disorders. Results: The medians of personal PM2.5 concentrations at baseline and two follow-ups were 153.18, 209.57 and 83.78 μg/m3, respectively. Compared with participants in the persistently low exposure group, participants in the persistently high exposure group showed a 2.99 % (95 % CI: 0.91, 5.08), a 380.15 mL/s (95 % CI: 32.82, 727.48) and a 5.98 % (95 % CI: 0.84, 11.11) additional decline in FEV1/FVC, PEF and PEFpred after 6 years, respectively. Stratified analyses showed that age, gender, body mass index, smoking status and drinking status had no significant modification effect on the associations. The associations of PM2.5 exposure with obstructive and restrictive ventilatory disorders were not significant, except for a positive association between persistently high PM2.5 exposure and restrictive ventilatory disorder among ever drinkers. Conclusion: Long-term high PM2.5 exposure was associated with FEV1/FVC, PEF and PEFpred declines.

Authors: Ge Mu, Bin Wang, Man Cheng, Xiuquan Nie, Zi Ye, Min Zhou, Yun Zhou, Weihong Chen
; Full Source: The Science of the total environment 2022 Jul 12;157327. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.157327.