Low levels of circulating adiponectin are associated with multiple myeloma risk in overweight and obese individuals

The association between obesity and multiple myeloma (MM) risk may be partly attributed to reduced circulating levels of adiponectin in obese individuals. To prospectively evaluate MM risk in relation to adiponectin levels overall and stratified by body mass index and other characteristics, the authors conducted a pooled investigation of pre-diagnosed peripheral blood samples from 624 MM cases and 1,246 individually matched controls from seven cohorts participating in the MM Cohort Consortium. Analysis of circulating analyte levels measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays revealed that higher total adiponectin levels were associated with reduced MM risk overall (highest quartile vs. lowest: odds ratio [OR]=0.64, 95% confidence interval [CI]=0.47-0.85; Ptrend = 0.001). This association was apparent among cases diagnosed six or more years after blood collection (OR=0.60, CI=0.40-0.90; Ptrend = 0.004) and was similar in magnitude for men and women (OR=0.59 and 0.66, respectively). Interestingly, strong associations were observed among subjects who were overweight (OR=0.41, CI=0.26-0.65) or obese (OR=0.41, CI=0.17-0.98) but not among those with normal weight (OR=1.20, CI=0.73-2.00; overweight/obese vs. normal weight, Pinteraction = 0.04). The authors concluded that the results from this study provide the strongest epidemiologic evidence to date that adiponectin protects against MM development, particularly among overweight and obese individuals, and offer a method for risk assessment in this susceptible population of heavier patients.

Authors: Hofmann JN, Birmann BM, Teras LR, Pfeiffer RM, Wang Y, Albanes D, Baris D, Colditz GA, De Roos AJ, Giles GG, Hosgood HD, Lan Q, Landgren O, Liao LM, Rothman N, Weinstein SJ, Pollak MN, Neuhouser ML, Purdue MP. ;Full Source: Cancer Research. 2016 Feb 26. pii: canres.2406.2015. [Epub ahead of print] ;