Low Serum Testosterone Levels Are Associated with Elevated Urinary Mandelic Acid, and Strontium Levels in Adult Men According to the US 2011-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

Little is known regarding the effects of environmental exposure of chemicals on androgenic system in the general population. In this study, the authors studied 5,107 subjects included in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2011-2012). Urinary, serum, and blood levels of 15 subclasses comprising 110 individual chemicals were analysed for their association with serum testosterone levels. The subjects were divided into high and low testosterone groups according to the median testosterone concentration (374.51 ng/dL). Odds ratios (ORs) of individual chemicals in association with testosterone were estimated using logistic regression after adjusting for age, ethnicity, cotinine, body mass index, creatinine, alcohol, and the poverty income ratio. Adjusted ORs for the highest versus lowest quartiles of exposure were 2.12 (95% CI: 1.07, 4.21; Ptrend = 0.044), 1.84 (95% CI: 1.02, 3.34; Ptrend =0.018) for the association between urinary mandelic acid, and strontium quartiles with low testosterone concentrations in adult men, respectively. However, no association was observed for the remaining chemicals with testosterone. The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data suggest that elevations in urinary mandelic acid, and strontium levels are negatively related to low serum testosterone levels in adult men.

Authors: Xu C, Liu Q, Liu H, Héroux P, Zhang Q, Jiang ZY, Gu A. ;Full Source: PLoS One. 2015 May 21;10(5):e0127451. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0127451. eCollection 2015. ;