Among organic contaminants, pesticides are one of the most important groups of chemicals due to their persistent character and toxicity. However, the biological systems are exposed to a complex environment in which the contaminants can interact in a synergistic/antagonistic fashion, and for this reason, the study of “chemical cocktails” is of great interest to fully understand the final biological effect. In this way, selenium is known for its antagonistic action against several toxicants. In study, metabolic impairments caused by the joint exposure of p,p’-dichloro diphenyl trichloroethane (DDE) and selenium (Se) have been issued for the first time. A metabolomic workflow was applied to mice fed DDE and DDE with Se diet, on the basis of the complementary use of two organic mass spectrometric techniques, combining direct infusion mass spectrometry (DI-ESI-QqQ-TOF MS) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The results show a good classification between the studied groups caused by about 70 altered metabolites in the liver, kidney, or brain, including the pathways of energy metabolism, degradation of phospholipidic membrane, ?-oxidation, and oxidative stress, which confirm the potential of combined metabolomic platforms in environmental studies.
Authors: Rodríguez-Moro G, Abril N, Jara-Biedma R, Ramírez-Acosta S, Gómez-Ariza JL, García-Barrera T.
; Full Source: Chemical Research in Toxicology. 2019 Sep 18. doi: 10.1021/acs.chemrestox.9b00102. [Epub ahead of print]