Micro/nanoscale bone char alleviates cadmium toxicity and boosts rice growth via positively altering the rhizosphere and endophytic microbial community
This present study investigated pork bone-derived biochar as a promising amendment to reduce Cd accumulation and alleviate Cd-induced oxidative stress in rice. Micro/nanoscale bone char (MNBC) pyrolyzed at 400 °C and 600 °C was synthesized and characterized before use. The application rates for MNBCs were set at 5 and 25 g·kg-1 and the Cd exposure concentration was 15 mg·kg-1. MNBCs increased rice biomass by 15.3-26.0% as compared to the Cd-alone treatment. Both types of MNBCs decreased the bioavailable Cd content by 27.4-54.8%; additionally, the acid-soluble Cd fraction decreased by 10.0-12.3% relative to the Cd alone treatment. MNBC significantly reduced the cell wall Cd content by 50.4-80.2% relative to the Cd-alone treatment. TEM images confirm the toxicity of Cd to rice cells and that MNBCs alleviated Cd-induced damage to the chloroplast ultrastructure. Importantly, the addition of MNBCs decreased the abundance of heavy metal tolerant bacteria, Acidobacteria and Chloroflexi, by 29.6-41.1% in the rhizosphere but had less impact on the endophytic microbial community. Overall, our findings demonstrate the significant potential of MNBC as both a soil amendment for heavy metal-contaminated soil remediation and for crop nutrition in sustainable agriculture.
Authors: Anqi Liang, Chuanxin Ma, Jiang Xiao, Yi Hao, Hao Li, Yaozu Guo, Yini Cao, Weili Jia, Lanfang Han, Guangcai Chen, Qian Tan, Jason C White, Baoshan Xing
; Full Source: Journal of hazardous materials 2023 Apr 24;454:131491. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2023.131491.