This study aimed to evaluate the occupational health risks of benzene, toluene, and xylenes (BTX) exposure in the automobile repair industry in Beijing city in China. The concentrations of BTX were monitored at 140 operating positions of 51 randomly selected automobile repair enterprises in 2018. Samples analysis showed that all monitoring concentrations were not higher than the occupational exposure limits. The long-term exposure concentration ranges of benzene, toluene, and xylenes were 0.1 to 0.3, 0.1 to 49.7, and 0.2 to 49.5 mg/m3, respectively. The short-term exposure concentration ranges of benzene, toluene, and xylenes were 0.1 to 0.3, 0.1 to 98.7, and 0.2 to 100.0 mg/m3, respectively. But assessment results revealed unneglectable occupational health risks, especially the combined health risks of BTX exposure. Thereafter, effective control and improvement measures were put forward, including strengthening the management of the production, sale, and use of vehicle paints and coatings; improving ventilation; and implementing hierarchical management measures for occupational health risks.
Authors: Pengpeng Hao, Dongmei Ren, Ling Yang, Zhimin Liu, Huifang Du
; Full Source: Asia-Pacific journal of public health 2022 Oct 7;10105395221131121. doi: 10.1177/10105395221131121.