The present study investigated whether there might be excess ovarian cancer mortality among women residing near Spanish industries, according to different categories of industrial groups and toxic substances. An ecologic study was designed to examine ovarian cancer mortality at a municipal level (period 1997-2006). Population exposure to pollution was estimated by means of distance from town to facility. Using Poisson regression models, the authors assessed the relative risk of dying from ovarian cancer in zones around installations, and analysed the effect of industrial groups and pollutant substances. Excess ovarian cancer mortality was detected in the vicinity of all sectors combined, and, principally, near refineries, fertilisers plants, glass production, paper production, food/beverage sector, waste treatment plants, pharmaceutical industry and ceramic. Insofar as substances were concerned, statistically significant associations were observed for installations releasing metals and polycyclic aromatic chemicals. The authors concluded that these results support that residing near industries could be a risk factor for ovarian cancer mortality.
Authors: García-Pérez J, Lope V, López-Abente G, González-Sánchez M, Fernández-Navarro P. ;Full Source: Environmental Pollution. 2015 Jun 1;205:103-110. doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2015.05.024. [Epub ahead of print] ;