Pesticide exposure and related health problems among farmworkers’ children: a case-control study in southeast Iran


Pesticides are potentially hazardous chemicals that can cause injury to human health and the environment. The purpose of this study was to evaluate organophosphate pesticides (OPPs) and organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) exposure in farmworkers’ children aged 6 to 11 years in Jiroft city in southeastern Iran. One hundred twenty farmworkers’ children as case and 53 non-farmworkers’ children aged 6 to 11 years as control were selected and the serum levels of OCPs were measured by using gas chromatography in all participants. In addition, erythrocyte acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and arylesterase activity of paraoxonase-1 (PON-1) were measured to evaluate OPPs effects. Catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase3 (SOD3), glutathione peroxidase (GPx3) activities, and the levels of serum malondialdehyde (MDA), total antioxidant capacity (TAC), nitric oxide (NO), and protein carbonyl (PC) were measured to investigate OCPs and OPPs effects on oxidative stress (OS). The serum levels of beta-HCH, 4,4 DDE, and 4,4 DDT in the case group were significantly higher than the control group. In addition, in the case group, AChE, PON-1, CAT, SOD3, and GPx3 activities and the levels TAC were significantly lower, while MDA, PC, and NO levels were significantly higher than the control group. OCPs as illegal pesticides are present in southeast Iran and children are exposed to OCPs and OPPs in the studied area. In addition, higher serum levels of pesticides may be a major contributor in OS development, as a cause of many diseases.

Authors: Danial Abdollahdokht, Gholamreza Asadikaram, Moslem Abolhassani, Hossein Pourghadamyari, Mojtaba Abbasi-Jorjandi, Sanaz Faramarz, Mohammad Hadi Nematollahi
; Full Source: Environmental science and pollution research international 2021 Jun 4. doi: 10.1007/s11356-021-14319-1.