Presence and risk assessment of herbicides in the marine environment of Camps Bay (Cape Town, South Africa)


The present study was conducted during a time of drought to assess the concentration of herbicides and their potential for accumulation in marine biota found in the near shore marine environment of an urban setting (Camps Bay, Cape Town, South Africa). The purpose was to establish whether raw sewage containing selected persistent chemicals that are released through a local marine outfall would be sufficiently diluted by the ocean to prevent impact on the near-shore marine environment of the suburb Camps Bay. Samples of seawater, sediment, seaweed, and selected marine organisms present in the near shore environment, such as limpets (Cymbula granatina), mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis), and sea urchins (Parechinus angulosus), were analysed for five indicator herbicides, namely atrazine, alachlor, simazine, metolachlor, and butachlor, with gas chromatography coupled with a mass spectrometer. The concentration of the compounds detected ranged from below the limit of detection (

Authors: Cecilia Y Ojemaye, Chionyedua T Onwordi, Daniela M Pampanin, Magne O Sydnes, Leslie Petrik
; Full Source: The Science of the total environment 2020 Oct 10;738:140346. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.140346.