Removal of heavy metals from industrial effluent using bacteria

Industrial wastes and emission contain toxic and hazardous substances, most of which are detrimental to human health. The key pollutants include heavy metals, chemical wastes and oil spills etc. Heavy metal resistant bacteria have significant role in bioremediation of heavy metals in wastewater. The objective of this work is to study the role of bacteria in removing the heavy metals present in the industrial effluent. Five effluent samples out of nine were selected for this study due to high content of heavy metals. The heavy metals Hg and Cu were removed by Bacillus sp. The average mercury (Hg) reduction was 45% and copper (Cu) reduction was recorded as 62%. The heavy metals cadmium (Cd), arsenic (As) and cobalt (Co) were removed by Pseudomonas sp. The average Cd reduction was 56%, average As reduction was 34% and average Co reduction was recorded as 53%. The heavy metals Cd and Cu were removed by Staphylococcus sp. The average Cd reduction was 44% and average Cu reduction was recorded as 34%.

Authors: Nanda, Manisha; Sharma, Dinesh; Kumar, Arun ;Full Source: International Journal of Environmental Sciences 2011, 2(2), 781-787 (English) ;