Phytoremediation is an environmentally friendly technology to remove heavy metals from polluted soil by using the physical and chemical roles of plants. This can effectively reduce the production of secondary pollutants and is economically feasible. Low molecular-weight-organic acids (LMWOAs) are biodegradable and environmentally friendly and have strong application potential in the phytoremediation of heavy metal-contaminated soils. The role and mechanism of LMWOAs in phytoremediation was elaborated on in this study with the aim to:① regulate the development of roots, stems, and leaves; increase plant biomass; and enhance plant enrichment of heavy metals; ② improve photosynthesis, enhance plant resistance, and promote tolerance to heavy metals; ③ change the properties of rhizosphere soil, improve rhizosphere microbial activity, and promote the absorption of heavy metals; and ④ change the form of heavy metals, reduce the toxicity of heavy metals, and improve transport efficiency. Moreover, the advantages, disadvantages, and application of LMWOAs in enhanced phytoremediation of heavy metal-contaminated soil were explored in this study. Finally, the research direction of LMWOAs in the phytoremediation of heavy metal-contaminated soils was proposed, which will have practical scientific significance for the research and application of LMWOAs in future phytoremediation.
Authors: Zhi-Guo Fang, Jun-Ting Xie, Qing Yang, Ye-Zhen Lu, Hai Huang, Yun-Xian Zhu, Si-Min Yin, Xin-Tao Wu, Shao-Ting Du
; Full Source: Huan jing ke xue= Huanjing kexue 2022 Oct 8;43(10):4669-4678. doi: 10.13227/j.hjkx.202201062.