Paper manufacturing industries depend mainly on forests for wood, which is the basic raw material. Forest plays an important role in balancing the ecosystem to protect forest deinking and bleaching (recycling) of waste paper had gained a lot of importance. Conventional chemical deinking processes require large amount of chemicals which are toxic and hazardous to the environment, hence other effective deinking methods are needed. Enzymatic deinking (cellulolytic, hemicellulolytic and ligninolytic) has attracted enormous attention because of high efficacy and minimum environmental impact. For bleaching, enzymatic action (individual as well as in combination), along with physical treatment, makes the pulp more accessible to the chemicals and also to the amount of chemicals required to obtain similar levels of brightness. Strength properties and brightness of the pulp are improved by these treatment methods. With minimum impact on the environment, this review gives comprehensive information about the various methods used for the recycling of waste paper.
Authors: Saxena A, Singh Chauhan P. ;Full Source: Critical Reviews in Biotechnology. 2016 Jul 15:1-15. [Epub ahead of print] ;