The United States Environmental Protection Agency Endocrine Disruptor Screening Programme (EDSP) is a multitiered approach to determine the potential for environmental chemicals to alter the endocrine system. The Pubertal Development and Thyroid Function in Intact Juvenile/Peripubertal Female and Male Rats (OPPTS 890.1450, 890.1500) are 2 of the 9 EDSP tier 1 test Guidelines, which assess upstream mechanistic pathways along with downstream morphological end points including histological evaluation of the kidneys, thyroid, and select male/female reproductive tissues (ovaries, uterus, testes, and epididymides). These assays are part of a battery of in vivo and in vitro screens used for initial detection of test article endocrine activity. In this Points to Consider article, the authors describe tissue processing, evaluation, and nomenclature to aid in standardisation of assay results across laboratories. Pubertal assay end points addressed include organ weights, oestrous cyclicity, clinical pathology, hormonal assays, and histological evaluation. Potential treatment-related findings that may indicate endocrine disruption are reviewed. Additional tissues that may be useful in assessment of endocrine disruption (vagina, mammary glands, and liver) are discussed. This Points to Consider article is intended to provide information for evaluating peripubertal tissues within the context of individual assay end points, the overall pubertal assay, and tier I assays of the EDSP programme.
Authors: Keane KA, Parker GA, Regan KS, Picut C, Dixon D, Creasy D, Giri D, Hukkanen RR. ;Full Source: Toxicologic Pathology. 2015 May 6. pii: 0192623315579943. [Epub ahead of print] ;