Senior interventional cardiologists are exposed to higher effective doses than other staff members


Those working in interventional cardiology are exposed to varying radiation doses during diagnostic and interventional procedures. The work presented in this paper aimed to monitor the effective doses received by different categories of medical staff members practicing interventional cardiology procedures including senior cardiologists, junior cardiologists, anesthetists and nurses. Thermo-luminescence dosimeter (TLD) badges that consisted of lithium fluoride doped with magnesium and titanium were used to quantify radiation doses. Measurements were performed with the dosimeters mounted under and above leaded aprons worn by medical staff. The results revealed that the effective doses to senior cardiologists were the highest compared to those to other participating staff members, due to their position close to the X-ray tube. The average daily effective doses for senior cardiologists, junior cardiologists, anesthetists and nurses were higher for dosimeters located above the aprons than those for dosimeters located under the aprons. Above the apron, the average effective doses accumulated during the study period were 0.44 ± 0.06, 0.34 ± 0.05, 0.29 ± 0.03 and 0.29 ± 0.04 mSv, respectively; whereas, under the apron, they were 0.20 ± 0.02, 0.18 ± 0.02, 0.17 ± 0.02 and 0.18 ± 0.02, respectively. Also, the fluoroscopy time was correlated with the dose acquired, especially for senior cardiologists. It is concluded that doses to senior cardiologists are quite high, and that many variables can affect staff exposure such as distance, direction, procedure and skills.

Authors: H A Abdel Ghany, H M Diab, Asmaa Salah, Ahmed A Taha
; Full Source: Radiation and environmental biophysics 2020 Jul 16. doi: 10.1007/s00411-020-00862-x.