Serum metabolic profiling of coal worker’s pneumoconiosis using untargeted lipidomics

2022-07-07

In this work, untargeted lipidomics was employed to analyze the effects of coal dust exposure on serum metabolite profiles. Furthermore, the potential of differential metabolites as novel biomarkers for diagnosis was investigated by binary logistic classification model. Nineteen differential metabolites were found among the three groups. The compounds were enriched in pathways associated with linoleic acid metabolism and pyrimidine metabolism. Fifty-three differential metabolites were found in coal dust-exposed people and CWP patients, and they were mainly enriched in glycerophospholipid metabolism. Three differential metabolites were correlated with lung function values. The diagnostic model, composed of lysoPI (16:0/0:0), bilirubin, and lysoPC (24:1/0:0), showed strong discrimination ability between dust-exposed people and CWP patients. The sensitivity, specificity, and AUC values of the model were 0.869, 0.600, and 0.750, respectively. The results suggest that coal worker’s pneumoconiosis causes abnormal lipid metabolism in the body. A diagnostic model may aid current CWP diagnostic methods, and lysoPI (16:0/0:0), bilirubin, and lysoPC (24:1/0:0) can be used as potential CWP biomarkers. Further study is warranted to validate the findings in larger populations.

Authors: Fangda Peng, Jing Dai, Qingjun Qian, Xiangfu Cao, Lifang Wang, Min Zhu, Shujin Han, Wubin Liu, Yan Li, Teng Xue, Xianyang Chen, Xiaoli Yang, Jiaolei Wang, Huanqiang Wang, Tao Li, Chunguang Ding
; Full Source: Environmental science and pollution research international 2022 Jul 7. doi: 10.1007/s11356-022-21905-4.