Triiodothyronine ameliorates silica-induced pulmonary inflammation and fibrosis in mice


Environmental exposure to silica or particles is very common in natural, agricultural and industrial activities. Chronic silica exposure can lead to silicosis, which remains one of the most serious interstitial lung diseases all through the world, while viable therapeutic choices are restricted. Triiodothyronine (T3) has been shown to exert a defensive role in many pulmonary diseases, however, rare data are available regarding the role of T3 on silica-induced injury. We constructed an experimental silicosis mouse model and T3 was intraperitoneally administrated after instillation of silica to observe the effect of T3 on silica-induced lung inflammation and fibrosis. Our results showed that the silicosis mouse model was accompanied by changes in thyroid morphology and function, and T3 supplement reduced silica-induced lung damage, inflammation and collagen deposition. The protective properties of T3 on silica-induced lung injury could be partially mediated through thyroid hormone receptors. And the mechanism by which T3 treatment ameliorated silica-induced fibrosis appeared to be via the reduction of glycolysis. Also, T3 could sufficiently postpone the progression of pulmonary fibrosis in established silicosis. Our findings reveal that administration of T3 could down-regulate the inflammatory response, pulmonary fibrosis and other lung damage caused by silica. The reduction of glycolysis may be one of the mechanisms.

Authors: Meng Yang, Dongming Wang, Shiming Gan, Bin Wang, Linling Yu, Yujia Xie, Lieyang Fan, Jixuan Ma, Weihong Chen
; Full Source: The Science of the total environment 2021 May 26;790:148041. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.148041.