Tyrosinemia Type I in Japan: A Report of Five Cases

Tyrosinemia type I in Japan was reported for the first time in 1957 by Sakai et al. (Jikei Med J 2:1-10, 1957) and Kitagawa et al. (Proc Jpn Acad Ser B

88:192-200, 1957). Five cases of patients with tyrosinemia type I were reported to be definitively diagnosed in Japan. The first case was reported by Sakai et al. and Kitagawa et al. To the best of our knowledge, this was the first definite report in the world. The second and third cases were those of a brother and a sister who underwent liver transplantation and who were the children of a Japanese-descent migrant worker; the fourth case was that of a girl who underwent liver transplantation after 2-(2-nitro-4-trifluoromethylbenzoyl)-1,3-cyclohexanedione (NTBC) treatment, which was reported by Hata et al.; and the fifth case was that of a patient who was administered NTBC, which was reported by Ito et al. These were of the subacute type; wherein residual activity was considerably present. When combined therapy with a low phenylalanine and tyrosine diet and NTBC administration is started after early diagnosis, patients can survive without liver transplantation. Development of liver cancer is not found in the cases in Japan, but performing liver transplantation without delay is necessary when liver cancer is found.

Authors: Nakamura K, Ito M, Shigematsu Y, Endo F. ; Full Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. 2017; 959:133-138. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-55780-9_12.