Analysis on occupational health surveillance to workers exposed to toxic environment in a city

This study aimed to understand the status of occupational health surveillance to workers exposed to toxic environment in a city, so as to provide scientific basis for strategy of occupational diseases prevention. In January 2017, collecting the data of on-the-job poisonous and harmful workers occupational health surveillance in the city from 1 January 2010 to 31 December 2016 in China Information System for Disease Control and Prevention, the trend of occupational health monitoring in the city was analysed, and the differences between diverse economic types, enterprise scale, industry nature and hazard factors were analysed and compared. The occupational health examination rate showed an overall upward trend in workers exposed to dust in the city from 2010-2016 (t=3.607, P<0.05), and the detection rate of occupational contraindications was on the rise in workers exposed to chemical factors (t=3.071, P<0.05). The detection rate of occupational contraindications and suspected occupational diseases were significant in different economic types, enterprise scale, industry nature and hazard factors (P<0.05). The detection rate of occupational contraindications was the highest among the large enterprises (1.24%), the manufacturing industry (0.84%) and the state-owned economy (1.49%). The detection rate of suspected occupational diseases (0.04%) and occupational contraindications (1.15%) were the highest in the physical factors. The authors concluded that occupational health monitoring in the city is not optimistic. It is necessary to focus on the occupational health care of manufacturing practitioners, raise the detection rate of suspected occupational diseases, and standard the occupational health check work to protect the occupational health.

Authors: Wang X, Li ML, Tang HJ, Zeng Q. ; Full Source: Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi. 2017 Dec 20;35(12):903-906. doi: 10.3760/cma.j.issn.1001-9391.2017.12.005.

Posted in Uncategorized