Use of a Novel Magnesium-Based Resorbable Bone Cement for Augmenting Anchor and Tendon Fixation

The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of a novel magnesium-based resorbable bone cement (OsteoCrete, Bone Solutions Incorporated) for anchor and tendon fixation. Cadaveric humeral testing involved straight pull-to-failure of rotator cuff suture anchors; OsteoCrete was injected through one anchor, and a second anchor served as the uninjected control. Testing was conducted 15 minutes post-injection. A canine preclinical model was used to evaluate the safety of the following parameters: Rotator cuff repair: A double-row technique was used to repair transected infraspinatus tendons; OsteoCrete was injected through both anchors in one limb, and the contralateral limb served as the uninjected control. Biceps tenodesis: The transected biceps tendon was implanted into a proximal humeral socket with a transcortical button; OsteoCrete was injected into the socket of one limb, and a screw was used for final fixation in the contralateral control limb. Nondestructive biomechanical testing and histologic assessment were performed after 12 weeks. OsteoCrete-augmented anchors showed significantly higher load-to-failure compared to that with uninjected controls. In cadaveric humeri with reduced bone quality, OsteoCrete increased the mean load-to-failure by 99%. Within the preclinical model, there were no complications or statistically significant biomechanical/histologic differences between the techniques. The authors concluded that OsteoCrete has the potential for safely providing improved suture anchor and tissue fixation in patients with poor bone or tissue quality.

Authors: Roller BL, Kuroki K, Bozynski CC, Pfeiffer FM, Cook JL. ; Full Source: American Journal of Orthopedics (Belle Mead NJ). 2018 Feb;47(2). doi: 10.12788/ajo.2018.0010.

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