Voluntary Smoke-Free Measures Among Oklahoma Nightlife Owners: Barriers and Facilitators

Smoke-free policies prevent exposure to second-hand smoke and encourage tobacco cessation. Local smoke-free policies that are more comprehensive than state-wide policies are not allowed in states with pre-emption, including Oklahoma, which has the sixth highest smoking prevalence in the United States. In states with pre-emption, voluntary smoke-free measures are encouraged, but little research exists on venue owners’ and managers’ views of such measures, particularly in nightlife businesses such as bars and nightclubs. This study draws from semi structured interviews with 23 Oklahoma bar owners and managers, examining perceived risks and benefits of adopting voluntary smoke-free measures in their venues. No respondents expressed awareness of pre-emption. Many reported that smoke-free bars and nightclubs were an inevitable societal trend, particularly as younger customers increasingly expected smoke-free venues. Business benefits such as decreased operating and cleaning costs, improved atmosphere, and employee efficiency were more convincing than improved employee health. Concerns that voluntary measures created an uneven playing field among venues competing for customers formed a substantial barrier to voluntary measures. Other barriers included concerns about lost revenue and fear of disloyalty to customers, particularly older smokers. Addressing business benefits and a level playing field may increase support for voluntary smoke-free nightlife measures.

Authors: Benowitz-Fredericks C, McQuoid J, Sheon N, Olson S, Ling PM. ; Full Source: Health Promotion Practice. 2018 Mar 1:1524839918764897. doi: 10.1177/1524839918764897. [fusion_builder_container hundred_percent=”yes” overflow=”visible”][fusion_builder_row][fusion_builder_column type=”1_1″ background_position=”left top” background_color=”” border_size=”” border_color=”” border_style=”solid” spacing=”yes” background_image=”” background_repeat=”no-repeat” padding=”” margin_top=”0px” margin_bottom=”0px” class=”” id=”” animation_type=”” animation_speed=”0.3″ animation_direction=”left” hide_on_mobile=”no” center_content=”no” min_height=”none”][Epub ahead of print][/fusion_builder_column][/fusion_builder_row][/fusion_builder_container]

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